In 1727, coffee was said to have arrived in Brazil, the first exports date back to around 1820. At that time, Brazil was responsible for 30 percent of the world’s coffee production. However, the following years were marked by a global economic crisis, which hit the country particularly hard. Coffee prices dipped dramatically forcing the burning of 78 million coffee bags.
Brazil has been dominating the coffee market for 150 years now. As the largest coffee producer in the world, Brazil produces about one third of the world's total production. Here, coffee is usually grown on large plantations, which is unique in South and Central America.
In general, Brazil is considered the most advanced and industrialised agricultural country in the world.
Traceability is well established in Brazil – farm level information is normal practice for high-quality coffees. In the crop year 2018/19 a total of 60 million 60kg bags of green coffee were produced in Brazil. Nearly 38.5 million bags were exported and the remainder were domestically consumed.
The most important growing regions are in the federal states of Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and Sao Paulo. Minas Gerais, which is almost the size of France, is the largest coffee region. From the south, Sul de Minas, the growing regions are increasingly migrating to the north, where, for example, for many years the Cerrado region has stood for high quality green coffees.